The Welch Consulting Employment Index has given back some of the gains made in each of the first three months of the year. While the index has fallen to 99.2 in April from 99.5 in March, this remains above the 2015 year-end value of 99.0.

The Welch Index measures full-time equivalent employment after adjustment for population growth and the aging of the workforce. The Index value of 99.2 indicates that adjusted full-time equivalent employment is 0.8% below its level in the base year of 2004.

Over the past 12 months the index has risen from 98.2 to 99.2. The increase in the Index over the past year means that full-time equivalent employment has been growing at a faster rate than the adult population.  Full-time equivalent employment increased 1.0% faster than the adult population over the past year (after making adjustments for the aging of the U.S. adult population). Looking back at year-over-year changes, the increase from April 2014 to April 2015 was also 1.0% — 97.2 to 98.2 – and the year before that was also about the same. This indicates steady progress in labor market conditions over the last three years.

When broken out by gender, men saw a slight dip down in employment in March, while women had a larger decrease. The index for men fell 0.1 points in February, from 97.9 to 97.8, while the index for women fell from 101.4 to 101.0, reversing March’s increase. For the past 12 months the index for men has risen 0.9 points and the index for women has risen 1.1 points.

Technical Note: Full-time equivalent employment equals full-time employment plus one half of part-time employment from the BLS household survey.  The Welch index adjusts for the changing age distribution of the population by fixing the age distribution of adults to the distribution in the base year of 2004.  Seasonal effects for the share of workers employed in part-time jobs are removed in a regression framework using monthly indicator variables.